Oil+Filter changes are an often neglected, greasy, lowly task, however they do preserve & extend a vehicles life. For vehicles or engines under warranty, best to Use+Document OEM spec Fluids+Filters+ServiceIntervals, so to not void that consumer protection. For a new vehicle\engine, changing all fluids & filters after the first ~100miles & again at 1000miles is recommended to clear away particulate generated during BreakIn, then routine 5k~10k mile ServiceIntervals should be followed & adjusted for severe conditions. After factory warranties have expired, opinions & preferences do vary; for this 2001.Ford.ExST, any warranty lapsed many Miles\Years ago & thus the Oil+Filter+ServiceInterval are now as noted below, adjusted for duty, some technical improvement & preference.
The Factory\OEM OwnersGuide Oil specification for this engine is 5quarts of FordMotorCraft# 5w30.Blended.
Considering the notorious OilPressurized TimingTensioners in this engine & its snow plowing service in winter,
after the warranty expired, I switched to using 0w20.FullSyn Each Autumn & 0w30.FullSyn Each Spring.
YearRound I'd use 0w20 in colder climates, 0w30 in more typical climates, 0w40 in extremely hot climates.
Proudly being a CheapBas'ard, the usual choice is the least expensive brand at WalMart, labeled compliant with
AmericanPetroleumInstitute\API, SocietyAutoEngineers\SAE & InternationalLubeSpecApprovalCommittee\ILSAC.
The Factory\OEM OwnersGuide Filter specification for this engine is a FordMotorCraft# fL820s\f1az-6731-bd. Oil Filters with 3/4"16 SpinOnThreads are typical on Ford V6~4.0L~SOHC engines built ~2000May17 & before. Oil Filters with M22*1.5 SpinOnThreads are typical on Ford V6~4.0L~SOHC engines built ~2000May18 & after, as it is for my engine built 2000Aug18. Below are specifications & debatable opinions on three Filters I've used:
- 13mmHexHead Wrench For The M14*1.5Threaded DrainBolt
- Oil FilterStrapWrench\OffOnly For TightSpace: GearStrap \ ModifiedStrap
- WheelChocks, Jack, JackStands, ShopRags, AbsorbantLitter, ReCycleContainer, CatchPan
- Oil DrainWasher: FordMotorCraft# f77z-6734-ab Replaced By 1/8"Slice Of 1/2"ID Fuel\Oil\Heater Hose
- Oil Filter M22*1.5Threaded SpinOn: Purolator\FordMotorCraft# fL820s Replaced By K&N# hp2011
- Oil 5qts: 5w30.Blended Replaced By 0w30.FullSyn Each Spring & 0w20.FullSyn Each Autumn
- Oil DrainValve M14*1.5Threaded Option To Ease Future OilChanges: Fumoto# f106n
Oil Change+Filter Procedure
- Remove Oil FillCap
- Remove DrainBolt; Allow Oil To Fully Drain
- Clean+Inspect DrainBolt+DrainWasher
- If DrainWasher Is Worn\Damaged, Replace With 1/8"Slice Of 1/2"ID Fuel\Oil\Heater Hose
- Install DrainValve If Replacing DrainBolt, Otherwise ReInstall DrainBolt
- HandStart Then WrenchTight Max19ftLb, Do NOT OverTighten
- Remove Old Filter, Use OffOnlyWrench\Strap If Needed
- Make Sure Old RubberSeal Comes Off With Old Filter
- Wipe Down Filter Seat+Threads & Around DrainBolt With A Clean ShopRag
- Wipe New Filter RubberSeal With Clean Oil
- Install New Filter; HandStart+1HandTight+2Hand90deg, Do NOT Use OffOnlyWrench\Strap
- Fill Engine With 5qts Of New Oil Then Replace FillCap
- Start+Idle Engine 5min Then 30min CoolDown
- Check DipStick & For Leaks; Tighten Filter+DrainBolt\Valve If Needed, Add Oil If Needed
- After 1st Drive & 30min CoolDown Again Check DipStick & For Leaks
When a V6~4.0L~SOHC Engine hasn't run for 12 hours or longer, this EngineColdStart routine is recommended
for general PreLubrication of the Engine critical components & specificly to PrePressurize the TimingTensioners.
- Turn Key To RUN Not START, Let InstrumentCluster Lamp+BuzzerTest Complete
- Push+Hold GasPedal To Floor, InstrumentCluster OilPressureNeedle Should Be At Zero
- Turn Key To START, Let Engine CRANK Without Starting Until OilPressureNeedle Moves Or ~10secs
- Release GasPedal, Let Engine START, Then Allow Key To SpringReturn To RUN
- InstrumentCluster OilPressureNeedle Should Immediately Rise+Hold At Normal Running Position
Links To Related Info
Thanks go to the brave souls who've preceded me in similar adventures & freely shared their experience below: